Kratom as well as its main alkaloid, mitragynine, currently spreads around the world. Thus, addiction potential and adverse health consequences are becoming an important issue for health authorities. Here we reviewed the available evidence and identified future research needs. It was found that mitragynine and M. speciosa preparations are systematically consumed with rather well defined instrumentalization goals, e.g. to enhance tolerance for hard work or as a substitute in the self-treatment of opiate addiction.
Zurina Hassana, Mustapha Muzaimib, Visweswaran Navaratnama, Nurul H.M. Yusoffa, Farah W. Suhaimia, Rajakumar Vadivelua, Balasingam K. Vicknasingama, Davide Amatoc, Stephan von Hörstend, Nurul I.W. Ismailb, Nanthini Jayabalanb, Ammar I. Hazima, Sharif M. Mansora, Christian P. Müllerc
a Centre for Drug Research, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia b Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia c Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany d Franz-Penzoldt Center, Experimental Therapy, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
You'll be seeing quite a few changes within the Kratom.com brand, including an updated logo, packaging—and much more. We're celebrating 20 years in the industry and felt like it was time to freshen things up a bit. However, one thing that will always remain the same is the quality of our products. We'll always carry and supply the original Maeng Da™ and Bali Premium™—that we introduced to the market in 2001 as well as the service that you've come to expect. This is year come with some surprises that will go hand-in-hand with the new brand - for example, new value oriented savings opportunities for both consumers and our vendor and distributor partners, a NEW local Vendor Locator Map and or course a handful of exciting new products like our new Kratomade™ instant, flavored extracts and the first ever Salt-Based (SB-1™) extracts—two exciting game changers. As always, don't hesitate to reach out to us with any questions!
The Kratom.com Team!
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